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2019年大学英语四级考试阅读模拟试题(13)

发布时间:2019-02-08 15:18:52
  When Bill Stokoe went to Gallaudet to teach English, the school enrolled him in a course in signing. But Stokoe noticed something odd: among themselves, students signed differently from his classroom teacher.
  Stokoe had been taught a sort of gestural code, each movement of the hands representing a word in English.At the time, American Sign Language (ASL) was thought to be no more than a form of pidgin English. But Stokoe believed the “hand talk”his students used looked richer. He wondered: Might deaf people actually: have a genuine language? And could that language be unlike any other on Earth? It was 1955, wheneven deaf people dismissed their signing as“substandard”. Stokoe’s idea was academic heresy.
  It is 37 years later. Stokoe—now devoting his time to writing and editing books and journals and to producing video materials on ASL and the deaf culture—is having lunch at a cafe near the Gallaudet campus and explaining how he started a revolution. For decades educators fought his idea that signed languages are natural languages like English, French and Japanese. They assumed language must be based on speech, the modulation of sound. But sign language is based on the movement of hands, the modulation of space. “What I said,” Stokoe explains, “is that language is not mouth stuff—it’s brain stuff.”
  Choose correct answers to the question:
  1. The study of sign language is thought to be ________.
  A. a new way to look at the learning of language
  B. a challenge to traditional, views on the nature of language
  C. an approach: to simplifying the grammatical structure of a language
  D. an attempt to clarify misunderstanding about the origin of language
  2. The present growing interest in sign language was stimulated by _______.
  A. a famous scholar in the study of the human brain
  B. a leading specialist in the study of liberal arts
  C. an English teacher in a university for the deaf
  D. some senior experts in American Sign Language
  3. According to Stokoe, sign language is ________.
  A. a Substandard language
  B. a genuine language
  C. an artificial language
  D. an international language
  4. Most educators objected to Stokoe’s idea because they thought ________.
  A. sign language was not extensively used even by deaf people
  B. sign language was too artificial to be widely accepted
  C. a language should be easy to use and understand
  D. a language could only exist in the form of speech sounds
  5. Stokoe’s argument is based on his belief that ________.
  A. sign language is as efficient as any other language
  B. sign language is derived from natural language
  C. language is a system of meaningful codes
  D. language is a product of the brain
  参考答案
  1.[B]
  2.[C]
  3.[B]
  4.[D]
  5.[D]
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